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What is a Domain Name and Web Hosting Requirments

A domain name is a unique name for a web site, like Ayojideonline.com, microsoft.com and Facebook.com 

Domain names must be registered. 

When domain names are registered they are added to a large domain name register, and information about your site - including your internet IP address - is stored on a DNS server.

DNS stands for Domain Name System. A DNS server is responsible for informing all other computers on the Internet about your domain name and your site address.

Registering a Domain

Domains can be registered from domain name registration companies such as Godaddy.com, Stardynamic host .com, etc.


These companies provide interfaces to search for available domain names and they offer a variety of domain name extensions that can be registered at the same time.
Domain Name Registration provides registration services for .com .net .org .biz .info .in .us .nu .ws .cc and .tv domains.

Newer domain extensions such as .biz .info .asia and .us have more choices available as many of the popular domains have yet to be taken. While .com and .net domains are well established and recognized, most popular domains with these extensions are already registered.


Choosing Your Domain

Choosing a domain is a major step for any individual or organization.

While domains are being registered at a record, new domain extensions and creative thinking still offer thousands of excellent choices. When selecting a name it is important to consider the purpose of a domain name, which is to provide people an easy way to reach your web site. The best domains have the following characteristics:

Short - People don't like to type! The shorter your domain, the easier it is to reach and the less are the chance the user will make a typographical error while typing it.

Meaningful - A short domain is nothing without meaning, 34i4nh69.com is only 8 characters long but would not be easy to enter or remember. Select a domain that relates to your site in a way that people will understand.

Clear - Clarity is important when selecting a domain name. You should avoid selecting a name that is difficult to spell or pronounce. Also, pay close attention to how your domain sounds and how effectively it can be communicated over the phone.

Exposure: Just like premium real-estate on the ground that gets the most exposure, names that are short and easy to remember are an asset. In addition to humans viewing your domain, you should consider search engines. Search engines index your site and rank it for relevance against terms people search for online.

 In order to maximize your sites exposure, consider including a relevant search term in your domain. Of course, this should only be considered if it still maintains a short, clear and meaningful domain.

Sub Domains

Most people are unaware but they already use sub domains on a daily basis. The famous "www" of the World Wide Web is the most common example of a sub domain. Sub domains can be created on a DNS server and they don't need to be registered with a domain registrar, of course, the original domain would need to be registered before a sub domain could be created.

 Common examples of sub domains used on the internet are http://ebooks.ayojideonline.com  http://store.apple.com and http://support.microsoft.com.

Sub domains can be requested from your web hosting provider or created by yourself if you manage your own DNS server.

False Domain Names - Directory Listings

Some providers will offer you a unique name under their own name like:  www.theircompany.com/yourcompany/

This is not a real domain name, it is a directory - and you should try to avoid it.

These URLs are not desirable, especially for companies. Try to avoid them if you can afford to register a domain. Typically these are more commonly used for personal sites and free sites provided by your ISP, you may have seen www.theircompany.com/~username as a common address, this is just another way to share a single domain and provide users their own address.


Open competition in domain name registration has brought about a dramatic decrease in pricing so domain sharing is far less common since people can register their own domains for only $15 per year.

Expired Domains

Another source for domain registrations is expired domains. When you register a domain, think of it as a rental, assuming there are no legal or trademark issues with the domain name, you are free to use it as long as you continue to pay the yearly fee (you can now also register in advance as many as 10 years).

 Some people register domains as speculators, hoping that they can later sell them, while others may have planned to use a domain and never had the time. The result is that domains that were previously registered regularly become available for registration again. 

You can see, and search through a list of recently expired domains for free. If you wish to register an expired domain you pay the same fee as you would for a new registration.

Use Your Domain Name

After you have chosen - and registered - your own domain name, make sure you use it on all your web pages and on all your correspondence, like email and traditional mail.
It is important to let other people be aware of your name, and to inform your partners and customers about your web site.
Make sure you get the disk space and the traffic volume you need.

How Much Disk Space?

A small or medium web site will need between 10 and 100MB of disk space.
If you look at the size of HTML pages, you will see that the average size is very small. Maybe even smaller than 1KB. But if you look at the size of the images (button, gif, banner, jpg) used inside the pages, you will often find images many times larger than the page itself.

Expect each HTML page to take up between 5 and 50KB of disk space on your web server, depending on the use of images or other space consuming elements.

If you plan to use lots of images or graphic elements (not to mention sound files or movies), you might need much more disk space.
Make sure that you know your needs before you start looking for your web host.

Monthly Traffic

A small or medium web site will consume between 1GB and 5GB of data transfer per month.
You can calculate this by multiplying your average page size with the number of expected page views per month. If your average page size is 30KB and you expect 50,000 page views per month, you will need 0.03MB x 50,000 = 1.5GB.

Larger, commercial sites often consume more than 100GB of monthly traffic.
Before you sign a contract with a host provider, make sure to check this:
  • What are the restrictions on monthly transfer
  • Will your site be closed if you exceed the volume
  • Will you be billed a fortune if you exceed the volume
  • Will my future need be covered
  • Is upgrading a simple task

Connection Speed

Visitors to your web site will often connect via a modem, but your host provider should have a much faster connection.
In the early days of the Internet a T1 connection was considered a fast connection. Today connection speeds are much faster. 

1 byte equals to 8 bits (and that's the number of bits used to transport one character). Low speed communication modems can transport from about 14 000 to 56 000 bits per second (14 to 56 kilobits per second). That is somewhere between 2000 and 7000 characters per second, or about 1 to 5 pages of written text.
One kilobit (Kb) is 1024 bits. One megabit (Mb) is 1024 kilobits. One gigabit (Gb) is 1024 megabits.
1024 megabits.
These are connection speeds used on the Internet today:
Name
Connection
Speed per second
Modem
Analog
14.4-56Kb
D0
Digital (ISDN)
64Kb
T1
Digital
1.55Mb
T3
Digital
43Mb
OC-1
Optical Carrier
52Mb
OC-2
Optical Carrier
156Mb
OC-12
Optical Carrier
622Mb
OC-24
Optical Carrier
1.244Gb
OC-48
Optical Carrier
2.488Gb
Before you sign up a contract with any hosting provider, surf some other web sites on their servers, and try to get a good feeling about their network speed. Also compare the other sites against yours, to see if it looks like you have the same needs.

 Contacting some of the other customers is also a valuable option.

Hosting services should include proper Email Accounts and Email Services.

Email Accounts

Hosting solutions should include email accounts for each person in your company. Email addresses should appear like this:
peter@mycompany.com
paul@mycompany.com
mary@mycompany.com
Most common is to use first name or first initial and last name.

POP Email

POP stands for Post Office Protocol. POP is a standard client/server protocol for sending and receiving email.

The emails are received and held on your internet server until you pick it up with a client email program, like Outlook, Outlook Express, Netscape Messenger, etc. POP email programs are built into Netscape and Internet Explorer browsers (i.e. Microsoft Outlook Express).

IMAP Email

IMAP stands for Internet Message Access Protocol. IMAP is another standard protocol for sending and receiving email.

The emails are received and held on your internet server until you pick it up with a client email program, like Outlook, Outlook Express, Netscape Messenger, etc.

IMAP represents an improvement over POP because email stored on an IMAP server can be manipulated from several computers (a computer at home, a workstation at the office, etc.) without having to transfer messages back and forth between computers. POP was designed to support email access on a single computer.

Web-based Email

Web-based email services enable you to access email via a web browser. You log into your email account via the Web to send and retrieve email. Being able to access your email from any browser anywhere in the world is a very attractive option.
Examples of web-based email services are Yahoo! Mail and Hotmail.

Email Forwarding

Email forwarding allows you to have multiple email personalities.
With email forwarding, you can setup aliases for other email accounts like
postmaster@mycompany.com should be forwarded to peter@mycompany.com
sales@mycompany.com should be forwarded to mary@mycompany.com

Mailing Lists

Some service providers offer mailing list capabilities. This is a valuable plus if you plan sending out email to a large number of users.
This section describes some of the most common hosting technologies.

Windows Hosting

Windows hosting means hosting of web services that runs on the Windows operating system.
You should choose Windows hosting if you plan to use ASP (Active Server Pages) as server scripting, or if you plan to use a database like Microsoft Access or Microsoft SQL Server. Windows hosting is also the best choice if you plan to develop your web site using Microsoft Front Page.

Unix Hosting

Unix hosting means hosting of web services that runs on the Unix operating system.
Unix was the first (original) web server operating system, and it is known for being reliable and stable. Often less expensive than Windows.

Linux Hosting

Linux hosting means hosting of web services that runs on the Linux operating system.

CGI

Web pages can be executed as CGI scripts. CGI scripts are executables that will execute on the server to produce dynamic and interactive web pages.

Most Internet service providers will offer some kind of CGI capabilities. And many will offer preinstalled, ready to run, guest-books, page-counters, and chat-forums solutions written in CGI scripts.
The use of CGI is most common on Unix or Linux servers.

ASP - Active Server Pages

Active Server Pages is a server-side scripting technology developed by Microsoft.

With ASP you can create dynamic web pages by putting script code inside your HTML pages. The code is executed by the web server before the page is returned to the browser. Both Visual Basic and JavaScript can be used. 

ASP is a standard component in Windows 95,98, 2000, and XP. It can be activated on all computers running Windows.
Many web hosting providers are offering ASP, as it is becoming a more and more popular technology.


JSP

JSP is a server-side technology much like ASP developed by Sun.
With JSP you can create dynamic web pages by putting Java code inside your HTML pages. 

The code is executed by the web server before the page is returned to the browser.
Since JSP uses Java, the technology is not restricted to any server-specific platform.

FrontPage

FrontPage is a very common web site design tool developed by Microsoft.
FrontPage allows users to develop a web site without any deep knowledge of web development. Most Windows hosting solutions support FrontPage server extensions for users that use FrontPage to develop their web site.

If you plan to use FrontPage, you should look for a Windows hosting solution (meaning not Unix / Linux).

PHP

Just like ASP, PHP is a server-side scripting language which allows you to create dynamic web pages by putting script code inside your HTML pages. The code is executed by the web server before the page is returned to the browser.

Cold Fusion

Cold Fusion is another server-side scripting language used to develop dynamic web pages.
Cold Fusion is developed by Macromedia.

Secure Server

A secure server can transmit data encrypted.

If you plan to do online credit card transactions, or other types of web communication that needs to be protected against unauthorized access, your web host must provide a secure server.


SQL Server or Oracle for high traffic database-driven web sites.
Access or MySQL for low traffics database-access.

Web Databases

If your web site needs to update large quantities of information via the web, you will need a database to store your information.

There are many different database systems available for web hosting. The most common are MS Access, MySQL, SQL Server, and Oracle.

2 comments :

  1. Domain name is the name of the website . Without domain name, we can't access any website . We can't remember the website ip address always when browsing the internet . Domain name can be given by domain name registrars at cheap cost for the customers . to get a web hosting plan for a website/blog, two factors are required :

    1. Web hosting with quality service
    2. Web host

    How to choose a web hosting :

    1. Know Your Own Hosting Needs

    2. Server Uptime Record

    3. Refund Policy

    4. e-Commerce Features

    5. Environmental Friendliness


    If the above factors are satisfied by any of the hosting plan, you can choose it for your website .

    Before choosing a web host, you have to consider the following :

    1. 24/7 customer support
    2. Quality service
    3. get hosting reviews in Google or get customner reviews
    4. Money back guarantee


    Nowadays, many of the web hosts provides cheap hosting plans with fritful features to their customers . In my experience, 9cubehosting.com offers hosting plans at low cost .

    ReplyDelete

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